Top 8 API Architectural Styles You Must Know in 2023

Top 8 API Architectural Styles You Must Know in 2023
Top 8 API Architectural Styles You Must Know in 2023

In this blog we study several architectural styles for communication in distributed systems. The REST style (Representational State Transfer), the REST-like style, the RPC style (Remote Procedure Call), the SOAP style and GraphQL

Top 8 API Architectural Styles You Must Know in 2023
Top 8 API Architectural Styles You Must Know in 2023

REST (Representational State Transfer):

A champion of simplicity and ubiquity, REST is an architectural style that primarily leverages HTTP methods. It enables easy interaction with resources, making it a go-to pattern for a multitude of applications and modern APIs.

SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol):

SOAP, a heavyweight contender in the API arena, thrives on complexity and power. It employs XML for defining structured communication. Although requiring a SOAP client and server, it compensates with its strength and robustness, much like a well-built off-road vehicle tackling rugged terrains.


A rising star in the API cosmos, GraphQL offers flexibility and precision. It lets clients ask for exactly what they need, reducing redundancy, and improving performance. Think of it as a personal shopper – you get just what you asked for, nothing more, nothing less.

gRPC (Google Remote Procedure Call):

gRPC is the speedster of the API universe. Running on HTTP/2 and using binary data, it’s all about performance and speed, especially for microservices architectures. It’s like a high-speed train, ensuring quick and reliable communication.


If real-time and bi-directional communication is what you need, WebSockets are the answer. Ideal for chat applications, live streaming, and real-time data exchange, it’s like having an open telephone line between clients and servers.


Webhooks are the town criers of the digital world. They notify clients when certain server-side events occur, making them perfect for event-driven architectures. Imagine them as your personal alert system, keeping you informed of what matters.

MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport):

MQTT is a lightweight messenger, designed specifically for environments with limited resources, low bandwidth, and unreliable networks. Picture it as a postal worker determined to deliver your mail, come rain or shine.

AMQP (Advanced Message Queuing Protocol):

A robust and standardized protocol, AMQP excels in middleware environments with its reliable messaging capabilities. It’s like a well-oiled assembly line, efficiently moving messages where they need to go.

Which API architectural style should you use?

The best API architectural style for a particular application will depend on the specific requirements of the application, such as  –

  • The type of data that will be exchanged between the API and the client
  •  The performance requirements of the API
  • The security requirements of the API
  •  The scalability requirements of the API

Once you have considered these factors, you can start to narrow down your choices and choose the API architectural style that is best suited for your application.