In this **Counting Sort 1** HackerRank Problem, we need to do sorting. Quicksort usually has a running time of , but is there an algorithm that can sort even faster? In general, this is not possible. Most sorting algorithms are *comparison sorts*, i.e. they sort a list just by comparing the elements to one another. A comparison sort algorithm cannot beat (worst-case) running time, since represents the minimum number of comparisons needed to know where to place each element. For more details, you can see these notes (PDF).

**Alternative Sorting**

Another sorting method, the *counting sort*, does not require comparison. Instead, you create an integer array whose index range covers the entire range of values in your array to sort. Each time a value occurs in the original array, you increment the counter at that index. At the end, run through your counting array, printing the value of each non-zero valued index that number of times.

**Example**

All of the values are in the range , so create an array of zeros, . The results of each iteration follow:

```
i arr[i] result
0 1 [0, 1, 0, 0]
1 1 [0, 2, 0, 0]
2 3 [0, 2, 0, 1]
3 2 [0, 2, 1, 1]
4 1 [0, 3, 1, 1]
```

The frequency array is . These values can be used to create the sorted array as well: .

**Note**

For this exercise, always return a frequency array with 100 elements. The example above shows only the first 4 elements, the remainder being zeros.

**Challenge**

Given a list of integers, count and return the number of times each value appears as an array of integers.

**Function Description**

Complete the *countingSort* function in the editor below.

countingSort has the following parameter(s):

*arr[n]:*an array of integers

**Returns**

*int[100]:*a frequency array

**Input Format**

The first line contains an integer , the number of items in .

Each of the next lines contains an integer where .

**Constraints**

**Sample Input**

```
100
63 25 73 1 98 73 56 84 86 57 16 83 8 25 81 56 9 53 98 67 99 12 83 89 80 91 39 86 76 85 74 39 25 90 59 10 94 32 44 3 89 30 27 79 46 96 27 32 18 21 92 69 81 40 40 34 68 78 24 87 42 69 23 41 78 22 6 90 99 89 50 30 20 1 43 3 70 95 33 46 44 9 69 48 33 60 65 16 82 67 61 32 21 79 75 75 13 87 70 33
```

**Sample Output**

```
0 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 3 0 2 0 0 2 0 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 3 2 0 0 2 1 2 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 0 3 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 2 2
```

**Explanation**

Each of the resulting values represents the number of times appeared in .

## Counting Sort 1 Hacker Rank Problem Solutions

I will Provide solution in Multiple programming languages for you. If you are not able to find the code in required language then please share in comments so that our team can help you.

### Problem Solution in JavaScript

```
function countingSort(arr) {
let frequencyArr = new Array(100).fill(0);
for(const element of arr){
frequencyArr[element]+=1;
}
return frequencyArr;
}
```

### Problem Solution in Python

```
def countingSort(arr):
freq_arr = [0] * 100
for i in arr:
freq_arr[i] += 1
return freq_arr
```

### Problem Solution in C#

```
public static List<int> countingSort(List<int> arr)
{
List<int> result = new List<int>(new int[100]);
foreach(int number in arr){
result[number]++;
}
return result;
}
```

### Problem Solution in Tyepscript

```
function countingSort(arr: number[]): number[] {
let freq = Array.from({ length: 100 }, () => 0);
for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
freq[arr[i]] += 1;
}
return freq;
}
```

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