TUNIS: Tunisia annou­nced on Saturday the recall of its ambassador to Morocco for consultations, a day after the kingdom did the same in response to Tunisia’s president hosting the Polisario movement’s leader.

The Polisario wants an independent state in the Western Sahara, a vast stretch of mineral-rich desert which Morocco sees as a sovereign part of its own territory. Tunisian President Kais Saied had on Friday hosted Polisario chief Brahim Ghali who arrived to attend the Japanese-African investment conference TICAD.

In response to what it called a “hostile” and “unnecessarily provocative” act, Morocco immediately withdrew its Tunis ambassador for consultations and cancelled its own participation in the high-profile conference. On Saturday, the Tunisian Foreign Ministry voiced its “surprise” at Morocco’s reaction.

“Tunisia has maintained its total neutrality on the Western Sahara issue in line with international law,” it said in a statement.

“This position will not change until the concerned parties find a peaceful solution acceptable to all.” Saied spent much of Friday welcoming African leaders arriving for the TICAD conference, including Ghali who is also president of the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Demo­cratic Republic (SADR).

Morocco accused Tunisia of “unilaterally” inviting the Polisario chief “against the advice of Japan and in violation of the process of preparation and established rules”.

But Tunisia said the African Union (AU) had issued a direct invitation to the SADR, a member state, to join the conference, noting that it had attended previous such gatherings — alongside Morocco. The foreign ministry in Rabat hit back, charging Tunisia’s response was riddled with “many approximations and untruths”.

The tit-for-tat diplomatic row came as French Pres­ident Emmanuel Macron visited Morocco’s arch-rival and Polisario backer Algeria on a visit aimed at healing ties with the former French colony.

Diplomatic sources said Guinea-Bissau President Um­aro Sissoco Embalo, current chairman of the Econ­omic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), walked out of the conference in protest at the Polisario’s participation.

Published in Dawn, August 28th, 2022

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